Are you in the market for your very first home? Then you're probably trying to learn as much as you can about mortgages. What's the interest rate? How long is the loan? What are the closing costs?
Everything you need to know about a first-time mortgage
Determine what type of mortgage is best for you
There are multiple types of mortgages available for downtown Toronto condos for sale, including fixed, variable, open, or closed. Mortgages generally have a period of up to 25 years in Canada.
A fixed mortgage is one where the interest rate has been locked in at closing. As such, the interest rate for a fixed mortgage on downtown Toronto real estate will not change for the length of the loan.
A variable mortgage means that the interest rate is not locked. Instead, the rate will change with the market, which means the amount you pay monthly after buying one of the downtown Toronto condos for sale can increase or decrease depending on current trends.
An open mortgage has no penalty for paying it off early.
A closed mortgage makes sense if you know you will not want to pay it off early. When a mortgage is closed, early repayment incurs a penalty.
How to plan for your purchase and beyond
Before you apply for mortgage preapproval for downtown Toronto real estate, it is important to determine how much you can afford. To do so, you must consider the down payment and monthly mortgage payments and factor in closing costs, utilities, and your existing recurrent bills, such as car payments.
Determine if you are required to pay mortgage default insurance
If the down payment you've set aside for your property is less than 20% of the purchase price, and if the property is listed below $1 million, you must also budget for mortgage default insurance. Mortgage default insurance, sometimes called mortgage loan insurance, protects your lender if you can no longer pay for the loan.
To qualify for mortgage default insurance, your credit score must be 680 or higher, you must have a gross debt service ratio of under 35%, you must have a total debt service ratio of under 42%, and your amortization period for the loan should be at most 25 years.
Mortgage stress test
As of 2018, all homebuyers who borrow from one of Canada's major banks must pass a mortgage stress test to apply for a loan. The stress test applies to first-time homebuyers, residents looking to refinance, and residents interested in home equity loans. The stress test evaluates how much you can afford to pay on a mortgage based on your current finances. In addition, the stress test examines how well you can afford to continue making mortgage payments if the interest rate increases. The rate used in the stress test calculation changes at least annually based on Canada's economy.
How to apply for preapproval
The process of applying for mortgage preapproval is relatively straightforward. The first step is to contact a few mortgage lenders to find out what interest rates they offer and how much they are willing to approve for your purchase. Alternatively, you may wish to hire a mortgage broker, who will help you determine how much you are eligible to borrow, find the right mortgage lender based on your needs, and submit a formal application.
Reach out to a Toronto real estate agent today
Congratulations on your decision to purchase a home! You’ve taken an important step in securing your financial future. Before you start shopping for houses, it’s important that you determine which mortgage type is best for you. Valerie Gerardi and her team can help you today to get started!